Key study findings
The Feasibility Analysis report includes an analysis of tolling 1,922 miles of limited-access highways in Michigan and includes a screening process to determine appropriate corridors for a more detailed study in the Strategic Implementation Plan report. The corridors studied in this Strategic Implementation Plan include nearly 550 miles and are made up of parts or all of I-69, I-75, I-94, I-196, I-275, I-696, and M-14.
Funding and Program Cost
Timeline to Initial Start of Tolling
|Toll Program Development and Planning|
|Legislation – Toll Authority and Collection|
|Legislation – Rate-Selling and Enforcement|
|Discount, Mitigation, and Benefit Advisory Board|
|Project Environmental Review|
|Early Preliminary Design|
|Back Office & Customer Service Center Integration and Testing|
|Roadside Toll System Integration and Testing|
|Investment Grade Traffic and Revenue|
|Design and Construction|
|Start of Tolling|
Start of Tolling
System Mileage by Year
Governance and Policy Recommendations
- A “hybrid” governance model like the Mackinac Bridge Authority.
- Independent toll rate-setting authority, the ability to sell its bonds and procure it's toll-specific systems while still sharing staff and resources with MDOT.
- The ability to hire necessary tolling-specific leadership and staff as new agency staff/consultants at industry-competitive salary levels should be further evaluated.
- Use existing project selection processes but with considerations for revenue, financing, and tolling-related equipment and software.
- Finance toll projects as a complete system.
- Support all the infrastructure, staffing, and tolling costs on the included toll roads with toll revenue.
- Provide bonding authority to the new toll agency with debt policies consistent with legacy toll systems in other states.
- Program indexing of toll rates to inflation or a similar metric.
- Program a specific budget (“soft cap”) for toll rate discount/mitigation/benefit programs.
- Costs above programmed levels would require higher base toll rates or other funding.
- Incorporate tolling at a programmatic level into existing planning processes.
- Perform project-level environmental clearance as required based on project characteristics.
- Establish a Toll Discount, Mitigation, and Benefit Program Advisory Committee.
- Provide a 100 percent discount to low-income users.
- Set aside one percent of gross toll revenue for local community transportation mitigations.
- Set aside 0.5 percent of gross toll revenue for local community non-transportation benefits.
- Allow for independence in the procurement of toll-specific systems including toll collection equipment, the back-office software, and customer service.
- Use current toll industry best practices with toll collection and enforcement.
- Initially consider all toll road users as customers. If they do not pay a bill, then they would be considered violators.